The plant in Andhra Pradesh is owned by South Korean battery maker LG Chemical Ltd, and is located around 14 kilometers away from Visakhapatnam city. High-impact Polystyrene High-impact to super-high-impact grades with normal flow for extru-sion and injection molding. Very well written and covering all the aspects. High concentrated Styrene have a less pleasant odor. Discusses the health effects of styrene. (pakistantoday.com.pk, 2017) The acrylonitrile, butadiene and styrene monomers are ultimately all extracted from petroleum (crude oil). The U.S. National Toxicology Program has described styrene as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. View our page to search various areas of interest and methodology. The Company should be held responsible and State should take strict action against them. © 2021 VictorThemes - Elight Themeforest Author. Download or play NIEHS Health Chat's with a wide range of experts and topics. Workers may also absorb styrene through the skin. Lists styrene as a Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) under the National Emissions Standard Hazardous Air Pollutants section of its Clean Air Act. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site. Ingesting low levels of styrene that occurs naturally in a variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, beverages, and meats. It is an organic compound with the chemical formula C. It is a flammable liquid that is used in the manufacturing of polystyrene plastics, fiberglass, rubber, and latex. What happens when styrene enters the environment For the most part, inert products such as plastic parts, packaging etc. The nervous system is the most sensitive target of long-term styrene exposure. This may include wearing protective clothing, respirators, and gloves. NIEHS intramural scientists have defined descriptive terms of particular relevance to their own research, and have ranked those terms accordingly. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). People may be exposed to styrene through breathing indoor air that has styrene vapors from building materials, photocopiers, tobacco smoke, and other products. The effects of exposure to any hazardous substance depend on the dose, the duration, how you are exposed, personal traits and habits, and whether other chemicals are present. Styrene will be transported as a vapour in air, in water and in contaminated soils. Workers and employers should practice good occupational health behaviors. In terms of risk, styrene exposure is mainly an occupational hazard for workers producing polystyrene. The Report on Carcinogens, prepared by the National Toxicology Program, listed styrene as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen in its 12th Report on Carcinogens (2011). So its raw material availability and the impact of its extraction on the environment are directly related to that of petroleum, which is well known to be harmful to the earth and slowly running dry. Smoking cigarettes, or breathing cigarette smoke, second hand smoke, or emissions from vehicles, copy machines, or building materials. Based on the results of these toxicological studies, information on the concentrations of the compound in natural environments, and data showing its reactivity in the air, volatilization from soil and water, and rapid biodegradation, styrene is not deemed to cause deleterious effects on nonmammalian species, mammals, or natural communities of organisms as a consequence of environmental … All the LOUS-substances are undergoing similar reviews over the period 2012-2015. Mechanistic Studies: Exactly how styrene causes cancer is not fully understood, but styrene is converted, in laboratory animals and humans, to styrene–7,8–oxide, which is listed in the Report on Carcinogens as reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen. The company makes products used in manufacturing electric fan blades, cups and cutlery and containers for cosmetic products such as makeup. NIEHS has a goal to ensure job opportunities and career enhancements programs for both our work force and our community. More details on Styrene environmental effects can be found in Section 4″Environmental Aspects”. Styrene evaporates from shallow soils and surface water. Styrene is the precursor to polystyrene and several copolymers. In North America, the Styrene Information & Research Center (SIRC) serves as a resource for industry, federal and state governments, and international agencies on issues related to the potential impact of exposure to styrene on human health and the environment. Use the search box to see research highlights from NIEHS scientists since its founding in 1966. The presence of a styrene odor is not, necessarily, indicative of dangerous styrene levels. Styrene is also known as ethenylbenzene,  vinylbenzene, and phenylethene. Subscribe to our free weekly newsletters and never miss any thing in it. Thank you. Styrene is a colorless, flammable liquid, which has a sweet odor and is highly volatile. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS). should monitor such type of company, monitoring facility should quarterly/Half yearly and also ensuring from preventing from such type of leakage . Cigarette smoke and vehicle exhaust too contain styrene. The vision of NIEHS is to use environmental health sciences to understand human disease and improve human health. Styrene gas is poisonous, inflammable and could have triggered explosions at the Vizag plant. o It is a known lab animal carcinogen and a … It’s really very informative. “It is in the interest of the health, safety, and welfare of all who live, work, and do business in the City that the amount of litter on the public streets, parks, public places, and open spaces be reduced.” 2. Find out about the exciting discoveries being made by NIEHS and NIEHS-supported researchers that are helping to improve health and save lives. Workers in certain occupations are potentially exposed to much higher levels of styrene than the general population. NIEHS provides many opportunities for funding to individual researchers, organizations, and businesses. VOCs are potentially harmful pollutants that impact on local air quality (Park et al., 2013). The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely. 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